There are many different instructional practices used in an ESL classroom. Below you will find some tips for instructional practices found to be effective with particular types of activities.
For general teaching tips, please click here to browse Liz Regan's 20 top teaching tips!
It is important for you, as a teacher, to have a solid grasp of your students' needs in the classrooms. You need to know why your students are in the classroom - what their goals are - so that you can assist your students in reaching those goals! Part of this also includes having learners assess their own skills and identify areas where they feel like they need extra help so that you can incorporate those needs into your instruction! Below you will find an article from the Center for Applied Linguistics which includes a large variety of learner self-evaluations and needs assessments. They are labelled as beginning/intermediate/advanced/all levels so that you can find one appropriate for use in your classroom. These assessments are great to use on your first day in class as a way to get to know your students!
Below is a synopsis of the 4 stages of a reading-based lesson, and some suggestions for activities that could be used in each stage of the lesson.
Objective: to generate the learners’ schemata (context building). Pre-reading tasks will serve to get the learners thinking & talking about the content of what they are about to read. This will enable them to anticipate content and facilitate comprehension of the text. Possible tasks include:
Reading for the Main Idea
Objective: to give learners practice in understanding the main ideas of a text. We need to give learners practice in this skill because it is not always necessary to understand the details of what we read. Possible tasks include:
Reading for Specific Information
Objective: to give learners practice in picking out specific information in a text without expecting them to understand every word. Possible tasks include:
Objective: to give learners further practice using the content of the text; to further check understanding of the text through another medium. Possible tasks include:
There are 3 stages to a listening activity lesson: pre-listening, during listening, and post-listening. Listed below are activities that can be included in each stage of the lesson.